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C++ Classes Vs. C# Classes


With its implementation of C#, Microsoft have given way to some of C++'s nitty-gritty object-orientated features such as templates, and have also changed the way we create classes. In this article, Jordan compares and contrasts classes in both C++ and C#. He focuses on demonstrating how Microsoft has changed certain aspects of creating and using classes in C# including reference types, virtual functions and polymorphism.

Author Info:
By: Jordan Leverington
Rating: 4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars / 39
January 22, 2002
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · C++ Classes Vs. C# Classes
  2. · How have classes changed?
  3. · Limiting access to classes with class modifiers
  4. · Virtual functions in C and C#
  5. · Polymorphism in C and C#
  6. · Conclusion

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C++ Classes Vs. C# Classes
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Object-orientated programming has taken us a long way in terms of application design and development in the last twenty or so years. A program is no longer thought of as a series of functions, which are executed in sequence (like in the procedural programming paradigm), but rather as a set of objects where each object exposes certain properties and methods allowing it to interact with other objects.

The "C" series of languages is a great example of how Object-orientated design disciplines have evolved over time. C++ provides developers with an excellent implementation of object-orientated programming, allowing them to explicitly create constructors, copy constructors, override operators, use templates, etc.

The main problem with a complex language like C++ is that it takes several months to truly master its object-orientated design nature, with each new programmer having to come to grips with templates, function overloading and of course sensible class creation and usage.

With its implementation of C# (pronounced C-Sharp), Microsoft have given way to some of C++ís nitty-gritty object-orientated features such as templates, and have also changed the way we create classes. In this article, I'm going to compare and contrast classes in both C++ and C#. I will also focus on demonstrating how Microsoft has changed certain aspects of creating and using classes in C#.

This article was written for fluent C++ programmers looking for some common ground when trying to learn C# and its object-orientated capabilities from scratch.


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