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Loading an XML Document into the DOM

In this article we will look at the code that we used to create a program that enabled us to load an XML document into DOM. This article is the fourth part of a four-part series that covers Delphi, XML, and the DOM.

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By: David Web
Rating: 5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars / 8
November 24, 2008
  1. · Loading an XML Document into the DOM
  2. · Code Explained
  3. · Adding Nodes
  4. · Checking the file

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Loading an XML Document into the DOM - Code Explained
(Page 2 of 4 )

The aim of the program is to make it easy for us to manipulate XML documents. This process starts by loading or opening up an XML document. Naturally this will be the first step that this code will take.

Below is the procedure that does just that. The first part of this procedure defines an initial path for the application using the application.exename function:

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);


od.InitialDir := ExtractFilePath (Application.ExeName);

Then we execute the opendialog component. This component will open up a dialog window that will enable you to choose an XML file to open:

if od.Execute then


Once you've selected a file, you load it into the xmldocument component. The file, up to this point, would have been stored in the opendialog components filename property.


The next line of code clears the treeview control in which we want to load the XML document:


Then we call the DOMShow procedure that actually does the job of loading the XML document into the relevant treeview together with its structure:

DOMShow (xd.DocumentElement, nil);




The DOMShow procedure is at the heart of the entire program. It is responsible for loading, reading and organizing the structure of the XML document. It is also responsible for showing it in the treeview control:

procedure TForm1.DOMShow(Anode: IXMLNode; TNode: TTreeNode);

First, we define some variables that we are going to need throughout this procedure:


I: Integer;

NTNode: TTreeNode;

NText: string;

AttrNode: IXMLNode;


We then skip text nodes and other special cases:

if not (Anode.NodeType = ntElement) then


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