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Loading an XML Document into the DOM

In this article we will look at the code that we used to create a program that enabled us to load an XML document into DOM. This article is the fourth part of a four-part series that covers Delphi, XML, and the DOM.

Author Info:
By: David Web
Rating: 5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars / 8
November 24, 2008
  1. · Loading an XML Document into the DOM
  2. · Code Explained
  3. · Adding Nodes
  4. · Checking the file

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Loading an XML Document into the DOM - Adding Nodes
(Page 3 of 4 )

Then we start to add the nodes. The nodes will contain the text that will describe them. The text is also added:

NText := Anode.NodeName;

if Anode.IsTextElement then

NText := NText + ' = ' + Anode.NodeValue;

NTNode := tv.Items.AddChild(TNode, NText);

The attributes are added next, using a loop:

for I := 0 to Anode.AttributeNodes.Count - 1 do


AttrNode := Anode.AttributeNodes.Nodes[I];


'[' + AttrNode.NodeName + ' = "' + AttrNode.Text + '"]');


The child nodes are then added to the main nodes and the procedure is called again. The procedure itself is recursive:

// add each child node

if Anode.HasChildNodes then

for I := 0 to Anode.ChildNodes.Count - 1 do

DOMShow(Anode.ChildNodes.Nodes [I], NTNode);


When the application starts up, it looks in the "MyXMLFiles" folder to see if any XML files are stored there. If so, it will load the names of those files in the treeview control. As you add more and more XML files to your application, you will not want to press the "load" button every time. You might just want to click on the file name to load it into the DOM.

The procedure that is responsible for loading the files at start up is listed below. It starts by searching for XML files in the MyXMLFiles folder. The search is done using the findfirst() function:

procedure TForm1.FormCreate(Sender: TObject);




// Try to find regular files matching *.xml in the current dir

if FindFirst('MyXMLFiles*.xml', faAnyFile, rec) = 0 then


The root node is created with the text "MyXMLFiles." It is then automatically selected:

with tv1.Items.AddFirst(nil, 'MyXMLFiles') do



{Set the roots image index}

ImageIndex := IMG_NODE_ROOT;

{Set the roots selected index. The same image is uses

as for the ImageIndex}

SelectedIndex := IMG_NODE_ROOT;


By selecting the root, you will be able to add child nodes to it, which is what the next line of code does:


with tv1.Items.AddChildFirst( tv1.Selected, rec.Name) do


{Set the image used when the node is not selected}

ImageIndex := IMG_NODE_CLOSED;

{Image used when the node is selected}

SelectedIndex := IMG_NODE_OPEN;



The process is repeated until there are no more child nodes available:

until FindNext(rec) <> 0;

// Must free up resources used by these successful finds



If no files have been found, then an appropriate message will be added to the root node:

else begin

with tv1.Items.AddFirst( nil, 'No Files Found' ) do


Selected := true;




For convenience I've added an extra procedure that will help if you should decide to avoid using the load button. This procedure basically enables you to double click on the treeview control that lists all of your XML files, and then automatically adds that file name to the xmldocument component that loads it into the DOM. Below is the code:

procedure TForm1.tv1DblClick(Sender: TObject);




The code first extracts the path to the application. This is to make sure that the DOM is able to look for the file in the right place later on:


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