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Using the Google Font API`s Italic Option


In this second part of the series, I take an in-depth look at the “italic” option provided by Google’s Font API. It comes in handy for downloading and using the italicized version of a specified font family. The driving logic of this option is very easy to grasp, so you shouldn’t have major trouble using it when styling text-based elements on your own web pages.

Author Info:
By: Alejandro Gervasio
Rating: 5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars / 6
June 16, 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · Using the Google Font API`s Italic Option
  2. · Review: start using the Google Font API
  3. · Working with the italic option
  4. · Including the previous CSS styles in a web page

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Using the Google Font API`s Italic Option - Review: start using the Google Font API
(Page 2 of 4 )

Before I start explaining how to use the italic version of a specified font family via the “italic” argument, first I’d like to spend a few moments reintroducing the examples developed in the previous tutorial. They showed how to work with the Google Font API at a very basic level. The first of these examples demonstrated how to use the API to embed only a single commercial font into a web page; its source code looked like this:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />

<title>Using the Google Font API (with one single font family)</title>

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Cantarell" />

<style type="text/css">

body {

    padding: 0;

    margin: 0;

    background: #fff;

    font: 1em Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #000;

}

#wrapper {

    width: 960px;

    margin: 0 auto;

    background: #f4f4f4;

}

#header, #content, #footer {

    padding: 20px;

}

h1 {

    font: normal 46px 'Cantarell', Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #00f;  

}

h2 {

    font: normal 40px 'Cantarell', Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #ff8040;  

}

h3 {

    font: normal 32px 'Cantarell', Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #ff8040;

}

</style>

</head>

<body>

<div id="wrapper">

    <div id="header">

        <h1>Using the Google Font API</h1>

        <h2>Header section</h2>

        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse auctor commodo risus, et ultrices sapien vestibulum non. Maecenas scelerisque quam a nulla mattis tincidunt. Etiammassalibero, pharetra vel laoreet et, ultrices non leo. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere ullamcorper lacus et sollicitudin. Morbi ultrices condimentum lacus, sit amet venenatis purus bibendum sit amet.</p>

      </div>

    <div id="content">

        <h2>Main content section</h2>

        <h3>Subheading section</h3>

        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse auctor commodo risus, et ultrices sapien vestibulum non. Maecenas scelerisque quam a nulla mattis tincidunt. Etiammassalibero, pharetra vel laoreet et, ultrices non leo. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere ullamcorper lacus et sollicitudin. Morbi ultrices condimentum lacus, sit amet venenatis purus bibendum sit amet.</p>

    </div>

    <div id="footer">

        <h2>Footer section</h2>

        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse auctor commodo risus, et ultrices sapien vestibulum non. Maecenas scelerisque quam a nulla mattis tincidunt. Etiammassalibero, pharetra vel laoreet et, ultrices non leo. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere ullamcorper lacus et sollicitudin. Morbi ultrices condimentum lacus, sit amet venenatis purus bibendum sit amet.</p>

    </div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

As the above example depicts, embedding a specified commercial font into a web page is a no-brainer process reduced to calling the Google Font API with the “family” argument. In this particular case, the font being downloaded was “Cantarell,” but it’s possible to include multiple fonts at the same time by passing the names of the desired fonts in the query string, separated by a pipe (|) character.

The following code snippet shows how to accomplish this in an approachable fashion. Check it out:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">

<head>

<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />

<title>Using the Google Font API (with two font families)</title>

<link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Cantarell|Nobile" />

<style type="text/css">

body {

    padding: 0;

    margin: 0;

    background: #fff;

    font: 1em Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #000;

}

#wrapper {

    width: 960px;

    margin: 0 auto;

    background: #f4f4f4;

}

#header, #content, #footer {

    padding: 20px;

}

h1 {

    font: normal 46px 'Cantarell', Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #00f;  

}

h2 {

    font: normal 40px 'Cantarell', Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #ff8040;  

}

h3 {

    font: normal 32px 'Cantarell', Helvetica, sans-serif;

    color: #ff8040;

}

p {

    font: normal 14px 'Nobile', Helvetica, serif;

}

</style>

</head>

<body>

<div id="wrapper">

    <div id="header">

        <h1>Using the Google Font API</h1>

        <h2>Header section</h2>

        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse auctor commodo risus, et ultrices sapien vestibulum non. Maecenas scelerisque quam a nulla mattis tincidunt. Etiammassalibero, pharetra vel laoreet et, ultrices non leo. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere ullamcorper lacus et sollicitudin. Morbi ultrices condimentum lacus, sit amet venenatis purus bibendum sit amet.</p>

      </div>

    <div id="content">

        <h2>Main content section</h2>

        <h3>Subheading section</h3>

        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse auctor commodo risus, et ultrices sapien vestibulum non. Maecenas scelerisque quam a nulla mattis tincidunt. Etiammassalibero, pharetra vel laoreet et, ultrices non leo. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere ullamcorper lacus et sollicitudin. Morbi ultrices condimentum lacus, sit amet venenatis purus bibendum sit amet.</p>

    </div>

    <div id="footer">

        <h2>Footer section</h2>

        <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse auctor commodo risus, et ultrices sapien vestibulum non. Maecenas scelerisque quam a nulla mattis tincidunt. Etiammassalibero, pharetra vel laoreet et, ultrices non leo. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere ullamcorper lacus et sollicitudin. Morbi ultrices condimentum lacus, sit amet venenatis purus bibendum sit amet.</p>

    </div>

</div>

</body>

</html>

That’s not rocket science, is it? As you can see, Google’s Font API makes it really easy to embed and use multiple fonts (only two in the example above) simultaneously. While in this specific case the fonts will be served compressed, keep in mind that they will take some time to download, especially in those cases where the font family being requested is also available in both italic and bold versions.

And speaking of italic versions of font families, so far I've shown you how to use the Font API to include a typeface in its regular state. As I mentioned in the introduction, however, it’s also feasible to download the italic version of a specified font via a brand new query string argument taken by the API, not surprisingly called “italic.”

The use of this argument is very easy to follow; it's quite similar to the “family” parameter just discussed. The best way to understand how to work with it is by example. In the upcoming section I’m going to set up another code sample which will illustrate how to use this argument in a concrete case.

Now, click on the link that appears below and read the lines to come.


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