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Managing Transactions with Hibernate

This article explains how Hibernate handles sessions and transactions, and why those are important to a database-based applications. It also explains how core APIs take part in session and transaction management, and more.

Author Info:
By: A.P.Rajshekhar
Rating: 4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars / 85
April 19, 2006
  1. · Managing Transactions with Hibernate
  2. · Transactions: Core APIs
  3. · Hibernate in the Real World: Implementing a Utility class for Hibernate
  4. · Implementing a Utility class for Hibernate continued

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Managing Transactions with Hibernate - Implementing a Utility class for Hibernate continued
(Page 4 of 4 )

Finally, here are the factory methods for transaction control.

public class HibernateUtility {

public static final SessionFactory sessionFactory;

    static {
        try {
            // Create the SessionFactory from hibernate.cfg.xml
            sessionFactory = new                    
        } catch (Throwable ex) {
            // Make sure you log the exception, as it might be
            System.err.println("Initial SessionFactory creation
failed." + ex);
            throw new ExceptionInInitializerError(ex);
 public static final ThreadLocal session = new ThreadLocal();

 public static Session getSession() throws HibernateException {
        Session s = (Session) session.get();
        // Open a new Session, if this thread has none yet
        if (s == null) {
            s = sessionFactory.openSession();
            // Store it in the ThreadLocal variable
        return s;

    public static void closeSession() throws HibernateException {
        Session s = (Session) session.get();
        if (s != null)
     * @return the hibernate session factory
    public static SessionFactory getSessionFactory( ) {
      return factory;

     * This is a simple method to reduce the amount of
code that needs
     * to be written every time hibernate is used.
    public static void rollback(org.hibernate.Transaction
tx) {
        if (tx != null) {
            try {
                tx.rollback( );
            catch (HibernateException ex) {
                // Probably don't need to do anything -
this is likely being
                // called because of another exception,
and we don't want to
                // mask it with yet another exception.
     * This is a simple method to reduce the amount of
code that needs
     * to be written every time hibernate is used.
    public static void commit(org.hibernate.Transaction tx) {
        if (tx != null) {
            try {
                tx.commit( );
            catch (HibernateException ex) {
                // Probably don't need to do anything -
this is likely being
                // called because of another exception,
and we don't want to
                // mask it with yet another exception.


This class can be used in both standalone as well as Web mode. If you're using it as a web application, care should be taken to put the configuration files in a classes folder.

If we rewrite the application of the previous part using the just created Hibernate utility, it would be as follows:

package com.someorg.persist.op;

import java.util.List;
import com.someorg.persist.*;
import org.hibernate.Hibernate;
import org.hibernate.Session;
import org.hibernate.SessionFactory;
import org.hibernate.cfg.Configuration;
import com.someorg.persist.Order
import org.hibernate.criterion.*;

public class OrderOP {

HibernateFactory sf;

public OrderOP(){

          public Order getOrder(String lower, String upper){
                   // open session
Session sess = sf.getSession();

//The following code has been commented so that
//comparison between HQL and Criteria Query

/*String query = "select o from o "
    + "Order as o join o.products as p "
    + "where o.priceTotal > :priceTotalLower "
    + "and o.priceTotal < :priceTotalUpper";         

Query q = sess.createQuery(query);

List list = sess.createCriteria(Order.class)
                        . list();

Order o=(Order)list.iterator.next();
return o;

          public static void main(String args[]){
                     Order o=OrderOP().getOrder

                     System.out.println(“Order Id:”+ o.id);
                     //and so on

All the initialization aspects have been wrapped up in the utility class. So it has become really simple. That brings us to the end of this discussion. Understanding how transactions are managed is just beginning of understanding the layers of Hibernate. In the next part I will be discussing advanced mapping concepts. Till then…

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