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Form Validation with JavaScript Regular Expressions (Part 1)


Forms are one of the most useful ways to collect information online from customers and potential customers who visit your website. But that information is just a waste of electrons if it is not correct. How can you validate it? This article explains some of the building blocks you can use in JavaScript to at least ascertain that information entered into a form is in the expected format.

Author Info:
By: Dan Wellman
Rating: 4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars / 130
May 10, 2005
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · Form Validation with JavaScript Regular Expressions (Part 1)
  2. · Regular expressions in JavaScript
  3. · Using RegExp
  4. · Other characters
  5. · More fun with escape codes

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Form Validation with JavaScript Regular Expressions (Part 1) - Using RegExp
(Page 3 of 5 )

When making use of the constructor RegExp object, the extremely basic example above can be expressed using the following syntax:

var myRegxp = new RegExp("www");

In a very similar manner, you just use the new keyword in conjunction with the RegExp object and substitute the forward slashes for parentheses and double quotes. To use one of the flags, just add the flag inside another set of double quotes and separate with a comma:

var myRegxp = new RegExp("www", "i");

It is also possible to denote repetition of specified characters too; you can use the asterisk symbol after a particular character to specify zero or more times, or the plus symbol to specify one or more:

var myRegxp = /w*/;

document.write(myRegxp.test("test"))

or

var myRegxp = /w+/;

document.write(myRegxp.test("test"))

The first of these examples will produce true, whereas the second will produce false.

You can also use the question mark to state that something should appear zero or one time, and you can use braces to state exactly how many times something should occur:

var myRegxp = /w{3}/;

document.write(myRegxp.test("www"))

which, of course, outputs true. You can also use a comma to separate values to indicate a minimum and maximum range of repetition. Note however that the following code still outputs true:

var myRegxp = /w{3}/;

document.write(myRegxp.test("wwww"))

because there is a string of three w's contained within the string of four w's. This will be examined and overcome in part two.


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