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Variables, Functions, and Flow Control


This two-part series offers a mix of JavaScript tricks to help you with your everyday projects. It is excerpted from chapter 4 of the JavaScript & DHTML Cookbook, Second Edition, written by Danny Goodman (O'Reilly, 2008; ISBN: 0596514085). Copyright 2008 O'Reilly Media, Inc. All rights reserved. Used with permission from the publisher. Available from booksellers or direct from O'Reilly Media.

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By: O'Reilly Media
Rating: 5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars / 15
December 11, 2009
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · Variables, Functions, and Flow Control
  2. · 4.2 Creating a Named Function
  3. · 4.3 Nesting Named Functions
  4. · 4.4 Creating an Anonymous Function

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Variables, Functions, and Flow Control - 4.3 Nesting Named Functions
(Page 3 of 4 )

Problem

You want to create a function that belongs to only one other function.

Solution

You can nest a function inside another function according to the following syntax model:

  function myFuncA() {
     
// statements go here
     
function.myFuncB() {
         
// more statements go here
      }
  }

In this construction, the nested function may be accessed only by statements in the outer function. Statements in the nested function have access to variables declared in the outer function, as well as to global variables. Statements in the outer function, however, do not have access to the inner function's variables.

Discussion

The basic idea behind nested functions is that you can encapsulate all activity related to the outer function by keeping subroutine functions private to the outer function. Because the nested function is not directly exposed to the global space, you can reuse the function name in the global space or for a nested function inside some other outer function.

See Also

Recipe 4.1 for a discussion of variable scope.


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