Home arrow MySQL arrow MySQL and BLOBs
MYSQL

MySQL and BLOBs


One of MySQL's strengths is its use of Binary Large Object (BLOB) columns. These columns store unprocessed binary data, typically files, that can be retrieved and manipulated like the other common datatypes. The difficulty comes in accessing the BLOB column in VB. Prior to ADO 2.5, the only way to move data in and out of a MySQL BLOB column using Visual Basic was to use the appendchunk and getchunk methods. With ADO 2.5, the stream object has been added, greatly simplifying the process of working with MySQL BLOBs. In this article, I will focus entirely on using the stream object.

Author Info:
By: Mike Hillyer
Rating: 4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars4 stars / 99
May 18, 2004
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · MySQL and BLOBs
  2. · Connection String
  3. · Connection Object
  4. · Sending Data Into the BLOB Column
  5. · Retreiving Data
  6. · Update File - We're Done!

print this article
SEARCH DEVARTICLES

MySQL and BLOBs
(Page 1 of 6 )

I would recommend you begin by making sure you have the latest service pack for Visual Basic installed. Installing the service pack will ensure you have the latest version of ADO installed. In a new (or existing) Visual Basic project, make sure that the most recent version of the Microsoft ActiveX Data Objects Library is checked in the references section of your project (Version 2.8 as of this writing). I will also assume that you have MySQL installed, as well as the latest version of MyODBC (currently 3.51.06).

NOTE  Version 3.51.03 or higher is required to avoid errors.

MySQL Configuration

Now that ADO is installed and referenced, we can use it to access a MySQL BLOB column. Our first step is to create a table to be accessed. In my file tables, I usually have four columns: an AUTO_INCREMENT column of appropriate size (UNSIGNED SMALLINT) to serve as a primary key to identify the file, a VARCHAR column that stores the filename, an UNSIGNED MEDIUMINT column that stores the size of the file, and a MEDIUMBLOB column that stores the file itself. For this example, I will use the following table definition:


CREATE TABLE files(
file_id SMALLINT UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY,
file_name VARCHAR(64) NOT NULL,
file_size MEDIUMINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL,
file MEDIUMBLOB NOT NULL);

While logged into MySQL, we should modify the max_allowed_packet system variable. This variable determines how large of a packet (i.e. a single row) can be sent to the MySQL server. By default, the server will only accept a maximum size of 1 meg from our client application. If you do not intend to exceed 1 meg, this should be fine. If you do intend to exceed 1 meg in your file transfers, this number has to be increased. I set my max_allowed_packet value to 15M, in MySQL 3.x, this limit is 16M, in 4.x, the size is limited only to your system memory, up to a theoretical 2G maximum. I personally find 15M to be more than enough, especially since my users connect remotely through DSL modems at best, and a 15 meg transfer tends to take upwards of 5 minutes as it is. If you do need to change this value, you can either set it in the my.cnf file (add a line that reads SET max_allowed_packet=15M;), or use the SET max_allowed_packet=15M; syntax from within MySQL.


blog comments powered by Disqus
MYSQL ARTICLES

- MySQL and BLOBs
- Two Lessons in ASP and MySQL
- Lord Of The Strings Part 2
- Lord Of The Strings Part 1
- Importing Data into MySQL with Navicat
- Building a Sustainable Web Site
- Creating An Online Photo Album with PHP and ...
- Creating An Online Photo Album with PHP and ...
- PhpED 3.2 More Features Than You Can Poke ...
- Creating An Online Photo Album with PHP and ...
- Creating An Online Photo Album with PHP and ...
- Security and Sessions in PHP
- Setup Your Personal Reminder System Using PHP
- Create a IP-Country Database Using PERL and ...
- Developing a Dynamic Document Search in PHP ...

Watch our Tech Videos 
Dev Articles Forums 
 RSS  Articles
 RSS  Forums
 RSS  All Feeds
Write For Us 
Weekly Newsletter
 
Developer Updates  
Free Website Content 
Contact Us 
Site Map 
Privacy Policy 
Support 

Developer Shed Affiliates

 




© 2003-2017 by Developer Shed. All rights reserved. DS Cluster - Follow our Sitemap
Popular Web Development Topics
All Web Development Tutorials