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Getting Text and Currency Working for Multiple Language Support


In this conclusion to a four-part article series on adding support for multiple languages to a Ruby-on-Rails ecomerce application, you will learn how to localize numbers and currency, set character encoding, and more. This article is excerpted from chapter 10 of the book Practical Rails Projects, written by Eldon Alameda (Apress; ISBN: 1590597818).

Author Info:
By: Apress Publishing
Rating: 5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars / 11
July 02, 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · Getting Text and Currency Working for Multiple Language Support
  2. · Adding Unicode (UTF-8) Support
  3. · Setting Character Encoding in HTML
  4. · Setting Character Encoding for the HTTP Response
  5. · Changing the Database to Use UTF-8

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Getting Text and Currency Working for Multiple Language Support - Setting Character Encoding in HTML
(Page 3 of 5 )

Start by changing the HTML page to use the UTF-8 character encoding. Update the layout file, app/views/layout/application.rhtml, as follows:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
        "
http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/ xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="
http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml"
    lang="<%= Locale.active.language.iso_639_1 -%>"
    xml:lang="<%= Locale.active.language.iso_639_1 -%>">
<head>
  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8">
  <title><%= @page_title || 'Emporium' %></title>
  <%= stylesheet_link_tag "style" %>
  <%= javascript_include_tag :defaults %>
</head>
<body>

<div id="header">
  <h1 id="logo">Emporium&trade;</h1>

We specify the character encoding by adding a Content-Type meta tag to the head tag. This will help browsers select the appropriate character encoding while rendering the page.

We also changed the html tag so that it declares that the content of the page is written in the language currently selected ( Globalize::Locale.active.language ). This helps search engines in identifying your content and also helps you in positioning your site higher in search results in languages other than English. This is referred to as search engine optimization (SEO).


Tip  Currently, we change the locale by appending a parameter to the URL, such as /catalog?locale=sv . This is not optimal from a SEO perspective, as some search engines prefer to index pages without parameters. To fix this, you can add the following to your config/routes.rb file: map.connect ':language/:controller/:action/:id', :defaults => { :language => Locale.language.code, :id => nil } . Then you can use URLs like /sv/catalog or /de/catalog instead, which are more likely to be indexed by search engines.



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