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Translating a Site for Multiple Language Support


In this third article in a four-part series on adding support for multiple languages to a Ruby-on-Rails ecomerce application, you will learn how to add a translation to a site, edit the translation, and more. This article is excerpted from chapter 10 of the book Practical Rails Projects, written by Eldon Alameda (Apress; ISBN: 1590597818).

Author Info:
By: Apress Publishing
Rating: 5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars5 stars / 10
July 01, 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
  1. · Translating a Site for Multiple Language Support
  2. · Implementing the Edit Translation User Story
  3. · Implementing the Delete Translation User Story
  4. · Translating the Model
  5. · Localizing Dates, Numbers, and Currency

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Translating a Site for Multiple Language Support - Translating the Model
(Page 4 of 5 )

You can prepare an ActiveRecord model for translation by using the translates method. Change app/models/book.rb as follows:  

class Book < ActiveRecord::Base
  has_and_belongs_to_many :authors
  belongs_to :publisher

  translates :title, :blurb
  acts_as_ferret :fields => [:title, :authornames]

We added the :title, :blurb parameters to the translates method. With these, we specify that the title and blurb database columns should be translated. The translation process for ActiveRecord models works similarly to the view layer, so you need to change app/views/catalog/_books.rhtml as highlighted here:

<dl id="books">
  <% for book in @books %>
    <dt><%= link_to book.title.t, :action =>
"show", :id => book %></dt>
    <% for author in book.authors %>
      <dd><%= author.last_name %>, <%= author.first_name %></dd>
    <% end %>
      <dd>
        <strong>
          <%= add_book_link("+", book) %>
        </strong>
      </dd>
      <dd><%= pluralize(book.page_count, "page") %></dd>
      <dd>Price: $<%= sprintf("%.2f", book.price) %></dd>
     <dd><small><%= 'Publisher'.t %>: <%= book.publisher.name %></small></dd>
 
<% end %>
</dl>


Note  You shouldn’t need to add a call to the translates method in your view, as in our example: book.title.t . Adding the translates method call to your model should be enough, but at the time of writing, Globalize didn’t translate the view, or even add a translation record to the database, until we also changed the view. This is probably a bug and should be fixed.


Now if you access http://localhost:3000/admin/translate , you should see the book titles in the list, as shown in Figure 10-8.


Figure 10-8.  Translation view showing book titles


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