It's all about standards. XHTML, XML, HTTP, FTP... what would we do without them? But who makes these standards standard? Today we take a look at the organizations that make these standards and what their role is the creation of tomorrow's Internet.
If I Said You Had a Beautiful Body... - IESG, ISOC, and ICANN (Page 4 of 6 )
The Internet Engineering Steering Group
Ultimately, it is the members of the IESG who have the final say on the outcome of a standard proposed by whichever of the IETF working groups were tasked with creating it. Additionally, they manage and review the activities of the IETF and ensure that ISOC procedures are being adhered to.
The Internet Society
Formed in 1992, ISOC describes itself as the organizational home of the IAB, the IETF, the IESG, and the IRTF. ISOC is a society comprised of around 180 companies and thousands of individuals world-wide. It provides a major source of funding and support for the IETF and the RFC editor, and is responsible for the final editorial review of every RCF published. As mentioned above, ISOC also has the final say on the individuals that make up the IAB.
According to its mission statement, ISOC strives to ensure the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world. To achieve this, the organization actively supports education of developing nations by running multiple programs and courses for teachers and engineers of developing nations. ISOC also aims to foster an environment of international co-operation and is currently running numerous initiatives to support this including Industry self-governance, protection against excessive regulation, and Security on the Internet.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
Formed in 1998, ICANN is the private, non-profit replacement to the US Government funded IANA. It holds the responsibility for IP address space management, protocol identifier assignments and the country code and top-level domain name management. In accordance with this, ICANN manages the technical elements of DNS to ensure universal resolvability of Internet addresses, meaning that all users of the Internet can find any valid web site.
In the last six years, ICANN has been responsible for the commercialization and subsequent cost reduction of domain names, the execution of a new domain name complaints resolution process, and the implementation of IPv6, the latest generation of the Internet Protocol, which increases the size of the available address space exponentially. In addition to this, the organization has added several new generic top-level domains, including .biz, .info and .museum, and describes its primary mission as the attainment of global network interoperability.