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XML: An Introduction

Interested in learning more about XML? Pawan's latest article gives us a brief introduction into XML and its roots.

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By: Pawan Bangar
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September 17, 2003
  1. · XML: An Introduction
  2. · Brief History
  3. · XML Usage
  4. · Conclusion

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XML: An Introduction
(Page 1 of 4 )

XML -- eXtensible markup Language -- is an exciting development in web technology. It is the youngest and most comprehensive of markup languages. (Markup refers to anything on a document that adds special meaning to a particular piece of text; for example, bold text is a form of markup). XML got its name Extensible Markup Language from the characteristic that it is not restricted to a fixed set of tags, as is HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). An XML user creates his own tags according to need. A tag is a sequence of characters in a markup language used to provide information, such as formatting specifications, about a document.

Markup languages are roughly classified into three types:

  • Stylistic defines character presentation; for example bold, italics, underline, font etc.
  • Structural defines the structure of the document, such as heading and paragraphs.
  • Semantic informs us about the content of the data, like specifying a title.

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